Friday, February 22, 2008

Baktaw

Common names (Philippine languages)
baglau/bataw/bulay (Bisaya)
batau/bataw (Bikol)
bataw/sibachi/sibatsi (Tagalog)
itab (Ifugao, Bontoc)
parda, parda-atap (Ilokano)
baktaw (Pangasinan)


Scientific name Dolichos labiab Linn.

Baktaw has been in season since late last year, along with other vegetable pods. The young pods are mixed in with other vegetables that are usually sinagsagan, or boiled with bagoong (salted fish paste), in Pangasinan.

It looks like snow peas or Chinese peas in shape, size, and thinness, but the pod skin is rough, the color lighter green. One variant has characteristic violet shading along the edges.

It is not a prized vegetable, and it is neither cultivated for commercial purposes. The plant usually sprouts on its own when its season arrives, usually during the colder months of the year, after the rains. The pods are plucked and sold in the markets as an alternative, or additional, ingredient to any cooked vegetable mixture.

When cooking, the edges are trimmed and the pods split lengthwise. Traditionally, it is added to pakbet, or any mixture of vegetables distinguished as Ilocano/Pangasinan (sitaw, patani, sigarillas, kamansi, papaya, et.al.). I find this too gloomy, though, or too green, too homogenous. Not too exciting.

So I add it to squash, probably mixed with cabuey (sigarillas/winged beans) if available, and squash' interminable companion agayep (sitaw/string beans or yard-long beans), and some chopped tomatoes. The squash brightens up the vegetable dish, in visual terms as well as in taste.


I am not particularly enamored with baktaw, either - I buy and eat it because it is....there, if you know what I mean, and because eating what's in season is in line with my food philosophy. It doesn't have any distinguishing taste, nor scent, and it is not really missed if it's not in season.

But blogging about food has led me to discover many things. I've learned, for example, that baktaw contains significant amounts of calcium, iron, vitamin C, and other minerals.

More importantly, a team of researchers from the Central Luzon State University, led by Lilia D. Torres, learned more benefits from baktaw, along with other native vegetables, in a study entitled “Investigation of selected agricultural products and wastes in Region III as sources of natural products and pulp,” published at the DOST website. And I quote:

....Extracts from the seeds of bataw contain saponins and alkaloids with anti-tumor agent.

Alkaloids have strong anti-bacterial and anti-cancer biological activity and are widely used as component of drug and herbal formulations.Saponins are surface-active agents producing foamy suds when mixed with water. These are used as ingredients for cosmetics, detergents, shampoos, emulsifiers, and fire extinguishers.

Saponins exhibit hemolytic properties, which act as poison, show cytotoxic or pesticidal activity, and have a variety of medicinal applications. They can inhibit growth of cancer cells, lower cholesterol, boost immune system and energy, act as natural antibiotic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-oxidant....(emphases mine)
So now there's more reason to buy baktaw.


Related Post
Baktaw Flowers


Bahay Kubo

Bahay kubo, kahit munti
Ang halaman doon ay sari-sari
Singkamas at talong, sigarillas at mani
Sitaw, bataw
, patani
Gundol, patola, upo’t kalabasa
At saka meron pa, labanos, mustasa
Sibuyas
, kamatis, bawang at luya
Sa paligid-ligid ay puno ng linga

Roughly translated as:
Bahay KuboFilipino folk song
Nipa hut, even though small
the plants surrounding it are varied and many
turnips and eggplants, winged beans and peanuts
yard-long beans, hyacinth beans, lima beans
wax gourd, sponge gourd, bottle gourd, squash
and there’s more, radish, mustard
onions, tomatoes, garlic and ginger
the surrounding spaces filled with sesame

6 comments:

Jane said...

Hi Kai,

Your veggie dish looks yummy. In San Fabian, at least in our barrio, we call this veg pagda. Can you comment on this? It is the first time I heard this term baktaw, well, i love it, whatever its called...

Jane

Kai said...

Hi, Jane, I actually first titled this post Pagda because it was also what I knew what it was called, but upon consultation with our elder kabaleyans changed it to baktaw. Apparently, pagda refers to the thicker version, which I am now on a quest to find.

Baktaw is also nearer the Tagalog term bataw, as in sitaw, bataw, patani.....

I think, though, baktaw and pagda are sometimes used interchangeably. In Mangaldan there is another term, which I failed to take down and subsequently forgot.

Jane said...

Hi Kai,

Sure will ask my nanay this weekend if she is ever heard of baktaw. Is there any chance they are referring to the palamingko(not pagda) as the thicker version? Is it called pal-lang in Mangaldan? Do you know the tagalog/english term for ga-bèy/ga-biy. Just using my imagination to remember these veggies for I haven't seen them for a long time. Many thanks...

Jane

Kai said...

Jane, andami ko na terms i-research. I'll try to find out what vegetables you are referring to.

Cabuey/gabuey is called sigarillas in Tagalog and winged beans in English. I'll try to post a picture one of these days.

Anonymous said...

Hi I would like to know where you bought this bataw from? Is it still available now? We were thinking of buying for our thesis project.

Kai said...

iIt is not the season for baktaw now. The SM hypermarket at Mall of Asia usually has baktaw when in season, around December and onto summer. I would suggest the public markets around Metro Manila. I buy mine at the Cavite City public market.